Saturday, May 31, 2008
Friday is for Fontes: The "anointed one" in 11Q13
I was intrigued in reading through the Qumran Melchizedek scroll with the joining of Isa. 52.7, Dan. 9.25, and Isa. 61.2-3 is such a short space.
"This is the day of [peace/salvation] concerning which [God] spoke [through Isa]iah the prophet, who said, [How] beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the messenger who proclaims peace, who brings good news, who proclaims salvation, who says to Zion: Your ELOHIM [reigns] (Isa. 52.7). Its interpretation; the mountains are the prophets ... and the messenger is the Anointed one of the spirit, concerning whom Dan[iel] said, [Until an anointed one, a prince (Dan. 9.25)] ... [And he who brings] good [news], who proclaims [salvation]: it is concerning him that it is written ... [To comfort all who mourn, to grant to those who mourn in Zion] (Isa. 61.2-3)."
- 11Q13 17-20 (Vermes).
By linking together Isa. 52.7 and Isa. 61.2-3 with Dan. 9.25, was the author putting a "messianic" spin on the Isaianic texts? Of course, exactly who the anointed prince(s) of Dan. 9.24-27 are is far from clear, but Fitzmyer regards Dan. 9.24-27 as the only real messianic text in the entire OT! If one says, "yes", then I wonder if Isa. 61.1 could also have a messianic meaning in 4Q521 2.11-12 which could be more likely given the context of 2.1: "heaven and earth will listed to his Messiah".